Cosmetic and Family Dentist in Raleigh
Dental Deep Cleaning And Periodontal Maintenance
Dental deep cleaning is the first treatment option for people suffering from gum disease. If you are one of them, you should know that you are far from being alone. There are over 64 million adults living with or having had gum disease in the U.S. alone. Gum disease can be prevented and treated. This article will provide you some information on the different types of gum disease and their symptoms, as well as a few tips and advice for prevention.
How Gum Disease Is Diagnosed
Gum disease is diagnosed by probing, and it is characterized by the existence of periodontal pockets. A periodontal pocket is an area where the gum has pulled away from the root of the tooth on a distance of minimum 4 mm. It isn’t mandatory that all four quadrants of the mouth are affected, but there are cases in which the affected areas spread out throughout the whole mouth.
Gum disease may appear as a consequence of improper brushing, lack of flossing, too long time between two professional dental cleanings, and various medical conditions. Diabetes is one of these diseases known to trigger gum disease. Pregnant women may also experience gum disease and temporary inflammation of their gums, hence the need for being monitored by a dentist.
Fusion Dental Care is here to help you with any gum disease issues you may be having at their Raleigh dental office. We offer scaling and root planning or deep cleaning. If needed, we will also refer you to a periodontal specialist.
The Difference Between Scaling And Root Planing (Deep Cleaning) And Regular Cleaning
Scaling and root planning (or deep cleaning) is completely different than regular cleaning. Regular cleaning focuses on the surfaces of the teeth that are above the gum line, polishing the teeth at the same time and is meant for people with healthy gums.
Scaling and root planning is a different procedure. It removes tartar, bacteria, and debris accumulated under the gum line.
Calculus or tartar is dangerous when it accumulates under the gum line because it creates the perfect environment for bacteria to survive and thrive. As it cannot be removed by brushing, flossing or other regular cleaning techniques, it can evolve without being disturbed for a very long time. The presence of bacteria in this space triggers an immune response from the body, which causes inflammation. Left untreated, this inflammation will spread and progress under the gum line, causing bone loss, loose teeth and eventually the loss of weaker teeth.
How Scaling And Root Planing Is Done
Scaling and root planning can be performed on either one or two quadrants at a time. In some cases, it can be applied to the entire mouth during one visit, but this depends on the severity of your condition.
The procedure is done after numbing the area to be treated. The dental professional will use special tools to work under the gum line, the goal being to remove all debris, calculus (tartar) and bacteria. Next, Dr. Bassiri will thoroughly shape or place the root of the teeth, in order to eliminate all places that can shelter bacteria deposits in the future. Your dentist or dental hygienist may also show you some demo videos to help you understand the process.
The recovery after this treatment is simple. Dr. Bassiri may prescribe you antibiotics and recommend you some over-the-counter pain killing medication, just in case you feel pain or discomfort. Your dentist or dental hygienist will let you know about any and all precautions, and after care rules, you have to follow. She will also instruct you on the oral hygiene routine you’ll need to stick to from here on.
Your dentist will then ask you to come back for a checkup visit in almost 2 months, to make sure your healing process is occurring as it should.
Gum disease can be treated and kept under control, but it requires discipline, regular maintenance visits, and permanent monitoring of the status of your teeth, gums, and bone. Some patients who have a greater predisposition to developing gum disease may require more regular periodontal maintenance cleanings such as every 3 months. Others may be do well with 3 perio maintenance cleanings a year and once their gums are back to health, then they can maintain their regular hygiene routine with 6-month check up visits.